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ParaGard IUD

ParaGard Intra Uterine Device (IUD) does not contain hormones. It is a device that is inserted into the uterus (womb) to prevent pregnancy for as long as you want, for up to 10 years. ParaGard works primarily by preventing the sperm from reaching and fertilizing the egg, making it an effective form of birth control, with or without hormones. But because it's hormone free, ParaGard will not stop your body's natural menstrual cycle. You can become pregnant as soon as ParGard is removed. It is a small, plastic device that is inserted and left inside the uterus. The contraceptive failure rate is less than 1 %. An IUD is intended to prevent pregnancy. It does not protect against HIV infection (AIDS) and other sexually transmitted diseases.

Insertion:
  • Typically takes just a few minutes
  • Cramps, dizziness and/or bleeding are common side effects; take 4 Advil/ibuprofen 1 hour before procedure to minimize cramping

After Placement:
  • Your period may be less predictable than usual
  • Bleeding and spotting may increase in the first few months and continue to be irregular, but this will lesson as your body adjust to the ParaGard – returning you to your natural period.

ParaGard may not be a good method of birth control for women who have
  • Had a pelvic infection
  • Had an ectopic pregnancy
  • Have severe pain during menstrual periods
  • Have had multiple sexual partners or high risk of sexually transmitted disease

RISK AND CONSEQUENCES OF PROPOSED TREATMENT

The conditions listed below can significantly increase the chances of developing serious complications while using an IUD. Some of these conditions can necessitate surgery, can make you unable to have children, or can cause death.
  1. Pelvic Infection: IUD users are more likely than others to suffer a serious infection called pelvic inflammatory disease (PI D), particularly women with multiple sexual partners. Symptoms of PID include pelvic or lower abdominal pain, chills, fever, abnormal vaginal discharge, abnormal menstrual bleeding or painful sexual intercourse. PID can occur even without these symptoms.
  2. Ectopic Pregnancy: Ectopic pregnancy is an infrequent, but dangerous type of pregnancy that develops outside of the uterus. A pregnancy that occurs with an IUD in place is more likely to be ectopic than a pregnancy occurring without an IUD. If you have ever had an ectopic, you have an increased risk of having another one.
  3. Pain may occur at time of insertion or removal
  4. Fainting may occur at time of insertion or removal
  5. Bleeding: Some bleeding occurs following insertion in most women.
  6. Uterine Perforation: Partial or total uterine perforation of the IUD through the wall of the uterus may occur at the time of or after insertion. Perforation and its complications may require surgery and, in infrequent cases, may result in serious illness or death.
  7. Missed Menstrual Period
  8. Expulsion of the IUD: The IUD may come out of your uterus through the cervical opening.

Other adverse reactions or risks include but are not limited to the following:
  • Abdominal infections or adhesions(scar tissue)
  • Anemia
  • Backache
  • Blood poisoning
  • Bowel Obstruction
  • Cervical Infection or Erosion
  • Cysts on Ovaries and Tubes
  • Death
  • Difficult Removal
  • Embedment (IUD surrounded by uterine tissue)
  • Breakage of the IUD
  • Infertility
  • Pregnancy