Endometriosis is a medical condition in women in which the uterine lining (endometrium) moves out of the uterus and into other parts of the pelvic area such as the ovaries, pelvic lining or behind the uterus. This condition affects about five million women in the US and is one of the most common gynecological problems. It is generally not a serious or harmful condition, but can be painful and may interfere with your daily life.
During your period, the uterine lining swells and bleeds and sheds from the lining to be released within the menstrual flow. When it is in other areas, this swelling causes pain and may form scar tissue. There is no known cause of this condition, but it can to run in families. Symptoms of endometriosis include:
- Painful menstrual cramps
- Chronic lower back and pelvic pain
- Pain during or after sex
Laparoscopy (Camera Surgery) is gold standard for a diagnosis. There is no cure for the disease, but symptoms can be treated depending on their type and severity. Talk to your doctor today if you think you may be experiencing endometriosis.