Chronic female pelvic pain is classified as pain below the belly button lasting longer than 6 months. The pain can range from mild to severe, dull to sharp and may come and go or be constant. It is usually a symptom of another condition. Pelvic pain can be a result of several different causes, many of which can be successfully treated.
Although the cause of pelvic pain cannot always be determined, some common causes include:
- Interstitial cystitis
- Physical or sexual abuse
- Scar tissue after surgery or infection
- Uterine fibroids
Patients who suffer from pelvic pain may undergo a Pap test, blood test, urine test, pregnancy test and STD test to determine the cause of pain. Imaging devices and even exploratory surgery may be used to if a cause cannot be found.
Treatment for pelvic pain depends on the cause, but can include:
- Birth control pills or hormone therapy
- Bladder Instillations
- Cognitive therapy
- Pain relievers
- Surgery to remove a cyst or tumor, endometriosis treatment
Pelvic pain can be a debilitating condition that can affect your everyday life. It is important to work with your doctor to diagnose the cause of pain in order to receive effective treatment.